UCCSN Board of Regents' Meeting Minutes

March 25-26, 1944 

Volume 5 - Pages 399-402

                       REGENTS MEETING
                       March 25, 1944

A special meeting of the Board of Regents was held in the Presi-
dent's office at the University of Nevada.  Chairman Ross called
the meeting to order at l0:05 A.M.  Present:  Regents Sheerin,
Sirkegian and Ross; Governor Carville; Director C. W. Creel and
Otto Schulz of the Agricultural Extension Division and Acting
President Gorman.  Mr. Ross read a telegram from Regent Mc Namee,
who was unable to attend; Mrs. Wardin was absent on account of

Chairman Ross made the statement that the meeting was called for
the purpose of considering what action and what responsibility
the Regents wish to take in regard to handling War Emergency Farm
Labor.  Mr. Ross then turned the meeting over to Mr. Gorman.

Mr. Gorman stated he had received a letter from Marvin Jones,
War Food Administrator, under date of February 14, 1944, concern-
ing the handling of War Emergency Farm Labor; that, as Acting
President, he had prepared a tentative answer to Mr. Jones' let-
ter, copy of which was sent to Governor Carville for his approv-
al; that the Governor raised certain objections to the handling
of Japanese labor as outlined in Mr. Gorman's tentative answer
to Mr. Jones' letter and that this meeting was called to decide
upon the course of action the Regents should take so as to con-
form to the Governor's policy regarding Japanese labor.

Mr. Gorman then asked Mr. Creel to read the Marvin Jones letter
of February 14th which follows:

    C. H. Gorman, Acting President
    University of Nevada
    Reno, Nevada

    Dear Sir:

    You are fully aware of the responsibility for supplying farm-
    ers with adequate supply of labor for wartime production
    which the Cooperative Extension Services of the Land Grant
    Colleges shared with the Office of Labor, War Food Adminis-
    tration, during the past year.  When the Executive Committee
    of the Association of Land Grant Colleges called at my office
    last month, I expressed pleasure and satisfaction with the
    manner in which the State Extension Services handled their
    part of the farm labor job in 1943.  I would again express
    appreciation of the contribution of the Cooperative Extension
    Service of your institution to the production of a vitally
    essential war commodity - food.

    The Congress has recently completed action on the farm labor
    appropriation bill for 1944.  The Act is now awaiting the
    signature of the President.  Under the new Act, the Coopera-
    tive Extension Service in each State is asked to continue in
    1944 those farm labor functions so well performed in 1943.
    In addition, the War Food Administrator, "is authorized and
    directed to enter into agreements with the Extension Services
    of the Land Grant Colleges in the respective States to fur-
    nish, on behalf of the United States, for domestic interstate
    agricultural workers and their families and foreign agricul-
    tural workers and their families, while such workers are
    employed within any such State, any or all of the following
    services or functions which such State Extension Services
    are willing to undertake."

    A.  For domestic agricultural workers, the additional func-
        tions which State Agricultural Services might perform
        under agreement with the Administrator are:

        1.  The furnishing of protection and shelter, health,
            medical and burial services, training, subsistence,
            allowances and supervision to transported interstate

        2.  The furnishing of health and medical services to non-

            (a)  Agricultural workers and their families housed
                 in a farm labor supply camp operated as a part
                 of this program, and;

            (b)  Migratory agricultural workers and their fami-
                 lies who, without recruitment or assistance of
                 any government agency have entered the area
                 served by any such labor supply center and are
                 engaged in agricultural work in such areas and
                 to whom health and medical services are not
                 otherwise available.

        3.  The maintenance and keeping of records of compliance
            with contracts with interstate workers and with em-
            ployers for whom such workers are supplied on the
            basis of negotiated contracts.

            (Such records are designed to determine compliance
            with all provisions of the contracts, and among
            others to determine the amounts collectible from the
            growers for failure to supply employment as guaran-
            teed in the contract and to determine the amounts
            payable to workers where such guaranteed employment
            has not been furnished.  The making of such collec-
            tions and payments as are determined to be in order
            from such records is a necessary counterpart of this

    B.  For foreign agricultural workers the additional functions
        which State Extension Services might perform under agree-
        ment with the Administrator are:

        1.  The furnishing of protection and shelter, health,
            medical and burial services, training, subsistence,
            allowances and supervision of foreign workers.

        2.  The maintenance and keeping of records of compliance
            with contracts with foreign workers and with em-
            ployers with whom such workers are placed.

            (Such records are designed to determine:

            (a)  The amounts collectible from growers for failure
                 to furnish employment as guaranteed in inter-
                 national agreements;

            (b)  The amounts payable to the individual foreign
                 workers under such guarantees;

            (c)  That the employers have made wage deductions
                 and forwarded such amounts for transmission to
                 the designed depository in accordance with in-
                 ternational agreements;

            (d)  That the prevailing rates of pay have been used
                 in the payment of the workers in accordance
                 with the international agreements;

            (e)  To serve other purposes which require informa-
                 tion as to the status of each foreign worker
                 each day he is in this country and as to each
                 individual employer or association with whom
                 he has been placed for each day of such assign-
                 ment; and

            (f)  The making of collections from growers, the
                 making of payments to workers and taking other
                 corrective action as analyses of the records
                 might warrant are necessary counterparts of
                 this function.)

    The apportionment and expenditures of the funds appropriated
    for allocation to the States for the intrastate phases of
    farm labor will necessitate merely an extension of the agree-
    ments entered into between the Administrator and the various
    States pursuant to Public Law No. 45.  Where the State Ex-
    tension Services are desirous of performing any or all of the
    services or functions set forth under "A" and "B" above, it
    will be necessary to arrange for an appropriate supplement
    agreement and an additional allocation of funds.

    In determining the manner in which you desire the foreign
    agricultural worker part of the program is to be considered.
    First, is the necessary administrative detail, enumerated
    in "B" above, which must be carried out fully in accordance
    with international agreements.  Second is the necessity of
    of getting prior clearance with the responsive foreign
    governments before any responsibilities can be delegated to
    the several States which are now assumed by the Office of
    Labor in the War Food Administration.

    As we all realize, it is of the utmost importance that plans
    be developed now before the season gets too far along in
    order that any change in procedure or organization will not
    retard the furnishing of the agricultural labor needed in
    1944.  Colonel Philip G. Burton, Director of Labor, War Food
    Administration, and Mr. M. L. Wilson, Federal Director of
    Extension, will be present at a regional farm labor confer-
    ence at Denver, Colorado, on February 28, 29 and March 1.
    State Directors of Extension and State Farm Labor Supervisors
    will be in attendance.  That meeting will provide an oppor-
    tunity for frank discussion and thorough consideration of
    the manner in which certain of the interstate and foreign
    labor functions can best be handled in 1944.

    It is suggested that your decision as to the farm labor func-
    tions your institution is desirous or willing to assume in
    1944 be delayed until your Director of Extension has returned
    from the Denver conference.  This determination should be
    made for the full year, 1944, as it will be most inadvisable
    to modify organizations and switch responsibilities during
    the operating season.

    In the absence of printed copies of the 1944 Farm Labor Ap-
    propriation Act, which will not be available until after the
    President signs the bill, I am enclosing a mimeographed copy
    of H. J. Res. 208 in which the changes recommended by the
    House and Senate conferees have been inserted.

    At my request, Director M. L. Wilson is sending a copy of
    this letter and the bill to Director C. W. Creel.

                             Sincerely yours,

                         /s/ Marvin Jones
                             War Food Administration


Mr. Creel then made a report on the meeting held in Denver in
February 28, 29 and March 1, 1944.  Mr. Creel explained that the
Farm Emergency Labor program had been resolved into 3 catagories:

1.  Intrastate Labor - which is being handled this year in the
    same manner as it was handled last year, on a continuation
    of last year's agreement with the Federal authorities.

2.  Foreign Labor - which, so far as Nevada is concerned, con-
    sists of Mexican labor.  As the handling of Mexican labor
    involves treaties between the United States and Mexico, it
    had been already decided that the Federal agencies would
    handle this phase of the program.

3.  Interstate Labor - which involves sending of labor into
    Nevada from other states.  This category includes the con-
    troversial matter of Japanese labor.

Governor Carville made serious objections to the proposed han-
dling of Japanese labor as outlined in the following written

    In the proposed program Japanese labor is placed on same
    basis as other domestic labor.  Japs in concentration camps
    have been placed there by Government authorities and Govern-
    ment should retain supervision whether they are in or out of
    camps.  State agencies should not shoulder responsibility
    for the care the Government requires of Japanese.  State
    agency has no police power or police protection to offer.
    If certain communities want Jap labor let them take responsi-
    bility, and obtain sanction of County Boards for protection,

    The people of this State generally do not want Japs.  Since
    the Government wishes to retain partial supervision over
    foreign labor, I see no good reason why they should not
    retain supervision over Jap labor.  I consider Japs an alien
    enemy class, which is more reason that the Government should
    supervise them.

After full discussion it was the sense of the Board that:

1.  Inasmuch as the Government had already arranged to handle
    foreign (Mexican) labor, they should also handle interstate

2.  The University is not in a position and should not be re-
    quired to furnish the police supervision necessary to proper-
    ly handle Japanese labor.

3.  The University should and would cooperate in the fullest
    under the present agreement to place needed labor.